Some Self-Study Work

My dear 1st year students! In the comments below you can place your compositions about the problem of climate change. As this is a piece of peer assessment work do not forget to discuss what you have done. Consider contents, grammar and spelling of the previously left compositions.


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Александра Георгиади, кандидат педагогических наук, ассистент кафедры английской филологии института иностранной филологии Таврической академии Крымского федерального университета имени В. И. Вернадского

11 thoughts on “Some Self-Study Work”

  1. The theme of climate change is extremely urgent now. The climate on our planet is changing quite rapidly. This also affects Crimea.
    Experts from Sevastopol Observatory in collaboration with colleagues from St. Petersburg State University conducted an overhaul analysis of climate change over the past 75 years on the Crimean Peninsula.
    Despite of climatic characteristics of the peninsula, changes of air temperature in Crimea are clearly visible. Scientists have found that highest increase in the average monthly temperature is observed in March, September and October; the minimum – in July and November. Another most marked tendency in Crimea is increase the value of the lowest daily average temperature of colder months and reducing its range of variation in this period of the year. The researchers said that the temperature changes on the peninsula are uneven. But the most intense warming occurs in the last 30 years, which is associated with an increase in the emission of “greenhouse” gases, especially carbon dioxide.
    Common characteristics of changes in air temperature in Crimea and in the north of the Azov-Black Sea coast in recent decades have become more clearly visible. But I believe that it is not dangerous for people. On the other hand, the weather in the off-season has become much warmer, which should please the tourists.

    1. Daria has provided us with a piece of interesting and important information. Many facts about climate change in Crimea were new for me. Unfortunately, I couldn’t fully understand this sentence: “Another most marked tendency in Crimea is increase the value of the lowest daily average temperature of colder months and reducing its range of variation in this period of the year”. Probably, it should be like this: Other marked tendencies in Crimea are increase of the lowest daily average temperature of cold months and reducing of the range of temperature variations in this period of the year.
      All in all, it was interesting to learn more about climate system of Crimea.

    2. It is really ineteresting to read about our Crimea. The information helps to wide your horizons and learn something new about the peninsula.
      I think that the introduction and body of the composition is quite good.

  2. How much has the climate in Crimea changed?
    The climate in Crimea is becoming subtropical and will resemble the climate of Greece, Crimea this prospect promises an extension of the holiday season and the “range” of agricultural products.
    Warming revive Crimean forest
    In the steppe Crimea temperature rise and increased rainfall has caused an increase in productivity, “Preservation of this trend for decades will lead to growth of vegetation, would entail the rapid growth of tree crops, which in turn will lead to the restoration of the Crimean forests”.
    Scientists from the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences also noted a significant warming in the Crimea in recent years.
    If the forecasts are correct, and Crimea will subtropical climate, farmers have to rebuild the work on the characteristic of the subtropical plant species. “This is a citrus fruit – oranges, mandarins, lemons, grapefruits and pomegranates, persimmons, figs, olives.
    In addition, improve conditions for the cultivation of flowers and ornamental evergreens – such as ethereal geranium.
    Scientists are cautious in terms of the estimates required for the subtropical climate change. The transition period may take only a couple of decades, and can last for a century. “But in any case it is time to prepare the country for the forthcoming climate change, agricultural change and energy strategy”
    According to biologists and agronomists, 100 years in the Crimea, in the south will be great to grow tangerines, olives, pomegranates and figs. And now there are successful experiments of growing these crops, but warming will create even better conditions for them.
    At the same time, the rapid climate change could have a negative impact on human health. Sudden temperature fluctuations and warming may cause some people nervous system disorders and exacerbation of chronic diseases. But this can be avoided if you get plenty of rest and a healthy lifestyle.

  3. The Earth’s climate is always changing. Scientists try to explain the reasons of this change. Some of them believe in so called ‘CO2 theory of climate change’. According to them, rapid changes in the Earth’s climate are caused by human activity. Man-made climate change occurs because we emit greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. CO is the greatest contributor to the man-made increase in the greenhouse effect. So if we reduce our CO2 emissions, we can eventually stop the climate change. But there are facts that refute this theory. In the Earth’s long history there have been countless periods when it was much warmer and much cooler than it is today. The climate has always changed without any help from humans. Our planet will always be at risk of unexpected and unpleasant climate changes resulting from natural causes. The reasons of climate change and the ways to control this process are still topics for discussion among scientists. One of the most important questions nowadays is: if CO2 theory does not explain the climate change, should we reduce CO2 emissions?
    There are a lot of ways how to reduce the amount of energy we use on transportation, heating, cooling, lighting, appliances that run on electricity, industrial production and so on. Using renewable energy sources will definitely has positive effect on ecological situation on the whole. Technological innovations may give us new production methods, which will make farming not only more ecologically friendly, but also more convenient and less energy- and resource-intensive. Stopping deforestation is not just a way to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases; it also can save unique species diversity of our planet. There are also many things that everyone can do to cut down CO emissions in our everyday life. For example, you can opt for public transport rather than your car, replace normal light bulbs with long-life ones and buy locally produced goods.
    CO2 theory is controversial, but people’s lifestyle needs changes. The ways of reducing CO emissions offered by man-made climate change supporters are sensible. Reducing CO2 emissions will make the air cleaner and our planet will become a better place to live.

    Since ancient times Nature has served Man, being the source of his life. For thousands of years people lived in harmony with environment but with the development of civilization man’s interference in nature began to increase.
    In recent years the environmental problems have become extremely urgent and received a great publicity.
    In some way they are the result of scientific and technological progress of the 20-th century. But people also do a lot of harm to nature because they don’t understand that the man is the part of environment.
    Nowadays climate change is the biggest problem of the human being. Weather changes all the time. People are taking actions that can change the earth and its climate in significant way and it is dangerous for each of us. But what shell we do? If you want to help the world- begin with yourself. Here are the expert’s top advice of what to do to help prevent global warming for each of us.
    8 advices of what to do to help prevent global warming.
    1. Plant native trees around your homes and places of work.
    2. Replace your home’s refrigerator with a high-efficiency one.
    3. Buy products in recyclable packaging.
    4. Replace your washing machine with a low-energy, low-water use one.
    5. Install a solar thermal system to help provide your hot water.
    6. Recycle all of your home’s waste newspapers, cardboard, glass, and metal.
    7. Leave your car at home two days a week and walk, use a bike, or take a bus.
    8. Install energy-efficient showerheads.
    Each family, each person should understand that saving energy, warmth, water, fuel and other resources is necessity. Without it human being won’t be able to solve the problem of climate change. Clean air and water, forests and cities without garbage, saving energy and water is a stages in the development of our civilization. Do You want to make the world better? Just start from yourself!

    1. It was inetersting to read your composition about reducing the negative effect of the climate change. You have observed this theme rather wide. So, if a reader knows nothing about the saving our planet from the CO2 emissions, he can get a lot of information about it from your essay.

    2. Oh! I think it is the great answer to this question, because you put a lot of examples for other people which ask this question too. But I’ll try to answer for this question in other way. I’ll describe in detail less examples then you, but I’ll try to show everyone what we are talking about.

    3. How can we Prevent Climate Change?
      The onset of climate change has come about following over 200 years’ worth of unchecked manmade activity that’s had a negative impact on the world around us – from deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels to driving cars or throwing away perfectly useable materials.
      Now, we’re beginning to feel the effects of climate change around the globe. Scientists estimate that by the end of the 21st century, temperatures in the summer of over 40 degrees Celsius could be commonplace in the UK.
      To help you get to grips with climate change, I’ve found several key areas we should all be addressing in our day to day lives to help you get started. We hope you’ll find that becoming more environmentally friendly isn’t as difficult as you might think!
      1) Make Your Lifestyle Greener
      Everything we do in our day to day lives emits CO2 into the atmosphere. That means that even making small changes in what we do, or how we do it, can have a positive impact in preventing the onset of climate change. Collectively we can make a difference. Here are a few tips:
      a)Holidays: don’t fly, take a train or alternative transport method
      b)Shopping: minimise the number of shopping trips you take by planning ahead and writing a list
      c)Nightlife: walk to your local facilities rather than taking the car
      d)Sport: try cycling, walking or running to get from A to B
      2) Change Your Habits At Work
      Don’t leave your good environmental habits at home – take them into the office too. Take public transport to work or walk rather than take your car, or share car journeys with colleagues. Turn off appliances, equipment and lights off when you’ve finished using them, and, importantly, shut down your computer rather than just logging off. And for the things you can’t change – speak to the person who can to see if your employers have a green and environmental policy in place.
      3) Educate Future Generations
      Preventing climate change in the future is down to the actions and opinions of future generations – meaning now is the time to start educating our children about climate change and its effects. This can be done at school, by parents and every simply through leading by example. If you have children, get them involved in making your lives greener. Give them the responsibility to make sure lights and plugs are turned off in their rooms each time, get them involved in recycling and other green initiatives, rewarding them for their good work.
      I can put a lot of examples, but as for me, it’s the most important points of this problem. We must follow this rules, to minimize the effects of climate change, or totally avoid them.

    During last 3 months our group had been studied the topic about the Global warming. We have read some texts, watched films and discussed climate changes. One of the main reasons of it is the human activity that emits CO2. From these lessons it has become clear for us, what the CO2 means and what people can do to reduce these emissions.
    However, there is one question left: “If CO2 does not explain the climate change, should we reduce CO2 emissions?”
    CO2 emissions are one the main reason of climate changes, but not the only one. It is clear, that climate has been changing since the beginning of everything. Before the creation of the humanity weather was changing actively. The question is- why? There were neither people, nor emissions.
    It was changing because of irregular heating of the Earth’s surface. Although changing of the Earth’s orbit, its geomagnetic field, size of continents and oceans influence climate changes.
    Thus we can see that all of these factors promote to climate changes. But the human activity influences the intensification of the Greenhouse effect. If people don’t emit CO2, there won’t be The Greenhouse effect and the climate will be changed by natural reasons. All in all we made a conclusion that humanity will not be able to refuse from all of the life goods for keeping the planet in safe.
    It is clear, that people should reduce CO2 emissions. But who will follow this advice?

    How can we reduce the negative effects of climate change as long as this process does not become irreversible? How can people prevent the adverse effects of observed and projected climate change?
    Unfortunately, to prevent all climate change is almost impossible. However, we can try to mitigate climate change , to keep the pace of rise in temperature , to avoid dangerous and irreversible consequences in the future. How can we do that?
    We can do that by limiting and reducing consumption of fossil carbon fuels such as coal, oil and gas; by improving energy efficiency; by increasing the use of non-carbon and renewable energy sources; by developing of new ecologically clean and low-carbon technologies. Also we can prevent forest fires and we can do reforestation as forests — natural absorbers of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
    Changes in energy and the structure of the world economy, taking place in recent years, have weakened the link between greenhouse gases emissions and an increase in income, especially
    in some of the most developed countries. In the development of a competent and effective policies and adopt appropriate measures aimed primarily at improving the energy efficiency of fossil fuels, it is possible to reduce the dependence of the economy in both developed and developing countries on the carbon component on the scale required for climate stabilization without prejudice to economic growth.

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